FRIZZY HAIR

January 24, 2018

1. Frizzy hair means messy tangles of hair on your scalp or irregular textured hair on your scalp
2. Frizzy hair means when your hair is not smooth and defined.
3. Frizzy hair means the sensation of hair growing larger, coarser, and more unruly by the moment when confronted with rain or fog or hot and humid weather.
4. Frizzy hair means neither straight nor curly, seems to fit nowhere on the head basically unruly strand float around patternless on the surface.
5. Short strands standing up at the party and throughout the hair length that "project away from the longitudinal axis of hair”, this type is especially noticeable in women with straight hair who are trying to achieve a smooth style
6. Strands of wavy or curly hair that do not align with others to form a defined wave or curl.
CAUSE
The usual cause of this unruly behaviour of hair is when either the cuticle or the hair shaft or both is disrupted by either damage or interaction with the environment, resulting the hair to lose its suppleness, smoothness, and curl pattern.
1. HEREDITY - Some curly hair never follow curl definition since childhood and appears frizzy.
2. DAMAGED HAIR
A. Excessive or rough brushing cause hair to stretch out of shape before it breaks. The broken shorter hair tends to spring outward and away from the main body of hair causing frizz

B. Backcombing also damage cuticle
C. Excessive use of heat styling tools such as blow dryers and flat irons weakens the hair, making it susceptible to breakage
E. Use of a razor to cut curly hair also weakens the hair cuticle and promotes frizz
F. Use of harsh shampoos that strip the hair of its natural oils
3. P.H. also play a role in porosity of cuticle. On the pH scale most hair is acidic with a pH of between 4.5 and 5.5
1. Alkaline hair (P.H. more than 7) will have cuticles that are too open eventually the hair will become porous.
2. Acidic hair (P. H. less than 4.5) will cause the cuticles to close too tightly. Cuticles that are too closed will not allow moisture to absorb in and will become dry and begin breaking off.

4. HUMIDITY - In humid environment moisture penetrates the cuticle easily causing frizz. Different types of proteins absorb moisture and swell differently, causing twisting and bend in hair shaft in irregular pattern giving frizz.
MECHANISM - Here is a porous structure. It absorbs moisture from the environment. due to damage or particular nature of hair, porosity increase and absorb excess moisture, the end-cuticular layer swell. this swelling lift cuticle scales away from the longitudinal axis of hair, making the surface rough and unruly. this selling of cuticular layer is compounded by diffusion of moisture into the cortex. now the cortex protein rich mass swells substantially. this excess swelling also increase the diameter of individual hair, which cause breakage of bonds and encourage them to lift and separate from each other. in curly hair due to excess water hydrogen bonding between keratin strand broken, which alter the curl pattern to straw like frizzy hair.
AFFECTED TYPE HAIR
1.Frizzy hair is more common in overly dry and damaged hair but it is seen in healthy hair also.
2.Heat and chemical treated hair is more prone to frizziness due to obvious reason of various type of damage like bubble hair, trichorrhexis nodosa, trichoclasis, trichoshisis and many more.
3.Curly hair is more prone than straight hair because
1. Its not so cylindrical shape
2. Individual scales in its cuticle layer are less tightly overlapped. This makes curly hair more delicate and damage-prone than straight hair, but also more porous and more likely to be affected by water in the environment even in its virgin, healthy state.
3. The curlier a persons hair is, the greater the likelihood she will experience with frizz.
4. Finer hair (fine hair meaning individual hair strands with smaller diameter) has, higher overall surface area, which results in a higher relative amount of moisture absorption from the air and more problems with frizz. So, the finest and curliest hair will often be frizzy even if it is not damaged or dry.
TYPE OF FRIZZ
1. Surface frizz, which is usually contained in the outer layer of the hair and is usually “activated” by humidity. it is seen in curly hair and humid condition.
2. Halo frizz found only at the crown of the head.
3. End frizz found at the ends of your hair.
4. Application or product frizz is caused by over usage of the product and not being able to resist touching your hair (happy hands).
5. Dry frizz is hair that both looks and feels dry.
6. In-the curl frizz kills the look of smooth curls as it frizzes its way through them.
There are many types of frizzy hair, but difficult to understand and distinguish. Treatment and prevention are principally same.
HOW TO HANDLE FRIZZ
The good news is, Damage to the cuticle reversible. However, if your cuticles have been damaged it will take time.
Frizzy hair is a result of her absorbing too much moisture from the environment, so the tactic to prevent frizz is to minimize this absorption process as much as possible.
1. Hydration-so make sure that your hair is well hydrated so that it absorb minimum water from environment.
2. Conditioning-Another technique is to make your cuticle layer smooth enough to make it more hydrophobic, which will make it less susceptible to water from the Environment.
3. Oiling - add suppleness to the hair and act as sealers or Anti-humectants. In the case of fine hair they have a tendency to easily become weighed down by too many oils, so work carefully to find the right oil type and the amount of fine hair.
4. Leave-on conditioner and serum - They also work on same principal as conditioner and oiling.
PREVENTION
Prevention is better than cure.
1. Limit the shampoo to just a couple of times a week and make sure to use a very mild cleanser. avoiding shampoo completely can sometimes result in more frizz.
2. Stop damaging products and process like flat ironing, harsh chemical, shampoo, excessive and rough brushing, back combing.
3. Use ph balancing shampoo.
4. High protein balancing diet.
Are moisturizing hair products helping in Frizz ?

These products are supposed to provide moisture to hair, but In reality, these products are designed to smooth the surface of the hair rather than increase the hairs water content. so they are not helpful.

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